The other region where the war did not stop was northern Russia, especially Murmansk and Arkhangel, the two main British bases in the region. Russia had capitulated in June 1917 after the Russian Revolution. Under the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, signed with Germany on March 3, 1918, the Russian Empire was divided and its constituent states became independent again, but they were soon occupied by Germany. After the ceasefire, the question remained who controlled Russia. As winter approached, the British government had to decide whether or not to maintain forces in the area, as the extreme cold was likely to be frozen until the following year. The armistice was the armistice that ended hostilities between the Allies and Germany on November 11, 1918. The armistice did not end the First World War itself, but it was the agreement that stopped fighting on the Western Front while discussing the terms of a lasting peace. The Treaty of Versailles officially ended the war after more than six months of negotiations. A headline on the front page of the Sheffield Independent the day after the end of the fighting. “It was only in May that the Allies managed to agree among themselves on a common position that they could present to the Germans,” he said. In the agreement, signed in June, defeated Germany was forced to agree to harsh conditions, including the payment of reparations, which eventually amounted to $37 billion (nearly $492 billion today). This humiliation and the persistent bitterness it caused paved the way for another world war two decades later. In international law, a ceasefire is a legal agreement (often in a document) that ends the struggle between the “warring parties” to a war or conflict.

[2] In the 1899 Hague Convention, in which three treaties were concluded and three declarations were made, the Convention on the Laws and Customs of War on Land states that “if the duration of the armistice is not fixed”, the parties may resume the struggle (Article 36) after their arrival, but with appropriate notifications. This is in comparison with a ceasefire with a “fixed duration”, in which the parties can only resume fighting at the end of the respective fixed duration. If the warring parties say (in fact) that “this ceasefire completely ends the fighting” with no end date for the ceasefire, then the duration of the ceasefire is set in the sense that at no time is a resumption of fighting allowed. For example, the Korean ceasefire agreement calls for a “ceasefire and ceasefire” and aims “to establish a ceasefire that ensures a complete cessation of hostilities and all acts of armed violence in Korea until a final peaceful solution. [3] Allied statesmen faced a problem: until now, they viewed the “Fourteen Commandments” as a piece of intelligent and effective American propaganda aimed primarily at undermining the fighting spirit of the Central Powers and boosting the morale of the smaller Allies. .